Cavernous malformations in children: a review of the literature

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Abstract

Cavernous malformation (CM) is a rare vascular disorder of the brain in children. Its prevalence in the general population is in the range of 0.1 to 0.9%, with about one quarter of cases occurring in children. This descriptive review presents an analysis of 17 publications in English and Russian literature on the series of children with cavernomas of the central nervous system and describes their etiology, pathophysiology, clinical particulars, and methods of diagnosis, management, prognosis and outcomes in pediatric practice. In most of the published studies, surgery was performed for 35.3 to 100% of the CM diagnosed during a hemorrhage. The indications for surgical management of CM have been poorly described, and this issue remains unresolved so far. There is also no consensus on the treatment strategy for deeply located cavernomas (brainstem, thalamus and basal ganglia), asymptomatic supratentorial cavernomas and CM located in the functionally important zones of the cortex. Criteria for determination of the intervention volume in patients with CM and symptomatic epilepsy have not been determined, as well. All these issues require further evaluation in multicenter randomized trials.

About the authors

V. E. Popov

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (MONIKI)

Author for correspondence.
Email: 1popov1@list.ru

Vladimir E. Popov – MD, PhD, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Pediatric Surgery.

61/2–9 Shchepkina ul., Moscow, 129110, tel.: +7 (926) 294 06 79

Russian Federation

M. I. Livshits

Morozov Children's City Clinical Hospital

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Matvey I. Livshits – MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Head of the Neurosurgical Department, Center for Treatment of Cerebrovascular Pathology in Children and Adolescents.

1/9 Dobryninskiy pereulok, Moscow, 119049

Russian Federation

M. G. Bashlachev

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Mikhail G. Bashlachev – MD, Neurosurgeon, Clinic of Nervous Diseases named after A.Ya. Kozhevnikov, University Clinical Hospital No 3.

8/2 Trubetskaya ul., Moscow, 119991

Russian Federation

A. E. Nalivkin

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (MONIKI)

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Aleksandr E. Nalivkin – MD, PhD, Professor, Course of Pediatric Surgery, Postgraduate Training Faculty.

61/2 Shchepkina ul., Moscow, 129110

Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2018 Popov V.E., Livshits M.I., Bashlachev M.G., Nalivkin A.E.

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