What we do and do not know about women and kidney diseases; questions unanswered and answers unquestioned: Reflection on World Kidney Day and International Woman’s Day

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Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women's Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health and specifically their kidney health, on the community, and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly. Girls and women, who make up approximately 50% of the world's population, are important contributors to society and their families. Gender differences continue to exist around the world in access to education, medical care, and participation in clinical studies. Pregnancy is a unique state for women, offering an opportunity for diagnosis of kidney disease, but also a state where acute and chronic kidney diseases may manifest, and which may impact future generations with respect to kidney health. There are various autoimmune and other conditions that are more likely to impact women with profound consequences for child bearing, and on the fetus. Women have different complications on dialysis than men, and are more likely to be donors than recipients of kidney transplants. In this review, we focus on what we do and do not know about women, kidney health, and kidney disease, and what we might learn in the future to improve outcomes worldwide.

On behalf of the World Kidney Day Steering Committee.

Members of the World Kidney Day Steering Committee are: Ph. Kam Tao Li, G. Garcia-Garcia, M. Benghanem-Gharbi, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, C. Kernahan, L. Kumaraswami, G.B. Piccoli, G. Saadi, L. Fox, E. Zakharova, S. Andreoli.

About the authors

G. B. Piccoli

University of Turin; Centre Hospitalier Le Mans

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Giorgina B. Piccoli – MD, Professor, Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences UT; Nephrologist, Department of Nephrology CH Le Mans.

8 Via Verdi, Turin, 10124; 194 Avenue Rubillard, Le Mans, 72037

Italy

M. Alrukhaimi

Dubai Medical College

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Mona Alrukhaimi – MD, Professor, Department of Medicine.

1 Al Muhaisanah, Al Mizhar, Dubai, 20170

United Arab Emirates

Zh.-H. Liu

Nanjing University School of Medicine

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Zhi-Hong Liu – MD, PhD, Professor, Director of National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital

22 Hankou Road, Gulou District, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210093

China

E. V. Zakharova

Moscow City Hospital n.a. S.P. Botkin; Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A.I. Evdokimov; Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Elena V. Zakharova – MD, PhD, Head of Nephrology Department MCHl n.a. S.P. Botkin; Associate Professor, Chair of Nephrology 6, 7 MSUMD A.I. Evdokimov; RMACPE.

5 2nd Botkinskiy pr., Moscow, 125284; 20/1 Delegatskaya ul., Moscow, 127473; 2 Barrikadnaya ul., Moscow, 123242

Russian Federation

A. Levin

University of British Columbia

Author for correspondence.
Email: alevin@providencehealth.bc.ca

Adeera Levin – MD, Professor, Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Canada, Head of Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology.

1081 Burrard Str., RM 6010A, Vancouver, V6Z 1Y6, British Columbia, Tel.: 604 682 2344 (62232)

Canada

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