Surgical treatment for coronary artery disease with concomitant carotid stenosis: one-center experience

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Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) in 16.6% of cases is associated with concomitant carotid arterial involvement, with this proportion reaching up to 40% in the elderly patients. According to the guidelines on myocardial revascularization and surgical treatment of brachycephalic artery (BCA) stenosis, the surgical strategies in this patient cohort remains uncertain, with advantages of various techniques being debated.

Aim: To evaluate efficacy and safety of the staged or simultaneous surgery of patients with multifocal atherosclerosis (CAD with BCA atherosclerosis).

Materials and methods: Patients were recruited into this single center study retrospectively with "continuous follow-up". From September 2012 to March 2019, 3718 CAD patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Concomitant BCA involvement was found in 574 (15.4%) of the cases (the study group). The mean age of the patients in the study group was 65.9 ± 14.2 years (38 to 84 years). There were 171 (29.8%) patients over 70 years of age and most of the patients were male (412, 71.8%). Bilateral BCA involvement was found in 104 (18.1%) of the cases. The staged surgical intervention (1st step, carotid endarterectomy and 2nd step, coronary artery bypass grafting) was performed in 441 (76.8%) of the cases (group I), whereas simultaneous interventions in 133 (23.2%) (group II).

Results: There was no difference between the groups I and II in the hospital mortality (0.2% vs. 0%, p = 1.000). No between-group differences were found in the rates of complications, such as early postoperative bleedings (n = 8, 1.8% vs. n = 2, 1.5%; p = 1.000), wound infections (4, 0.9% vs. 2, 1.5%; p = 0.410), acute cerebrovascular accidents (n = 1, 0.2% vs. n = 1,0.8%; p = 0.36), and acute myocardial infarction (n = 1, 0.2% vs. 0; p = 1.000). The longest total duration of in-hospital stay (considering all hospitalizations taken together) was in patients who had undergone staged interventions (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Surgical treatment of CAD with concomitant BCA involvement can be effectively and safely performed both as separate procedures, as well as simultaneously, based on the patient's comorbidities and special aspects of the underlying disorders.

About the authors

Yu. A. Schneider

Federal Centers of High Medical Technologies (Kaliningrad)

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5572-3076

Yuri A. Schneider - MD, PhD, Professor, Chief Physician.

4 Kaliningradskoe shosse, poselok Rodniki, Guryevsky rayon, Kaliningradskaya oblast', 238312

Russian Federation

V. G. Tsoi

Federal Centers of High Medical Technologies (Kaliningrad)


Victor G. Tsoi - MD, Deputy Chief Physician of Surgery, Head of the Department of Cardiac Surgery No. 11.

4 Kaliningradskoe shosse, poselok Rodniki, Guryevsky rayon, Kaliningradskaya oblast', 238312

Russian Federation

M. S. Fomenko

Federal Centers of High Medical Technologies (Kaliningrad)

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5272-8381

Mikhail S. Fomenko - MD, PhD, Cardiovascular Surgeon, Department of Cardiac Surgery No. I1.

4 Kaliningradskoe shosse, poselok Rodniki, Guryevsky rayon, Kaliningradskaya oblast, 238312, Tel.: +7 (4012) 592 000 Russian Federation

A. A. Pavlov

Federal Centers of High Medical Technologies (Kaliningrad)

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6088-5486

Aleksandr A. Pavlov - MD, Cardiovascular Surgeon, Department of Cardiac Surgery No. 11.

4 Kaliningradskoe shosse, poselok Rodniki, Guryevsky rayon, Kaliningradskaya oblast', 238312

Russian Federation

P. A. Shilenko

Federal Centers of High Medical Technologies (Kaliningrad)

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4357-9203

Pavel A. Shilenko - MD, Cardiovascular Surgeon, Department of Cardiac Surgery No. 11.

4 Kaliningradskoe shosse, poselok Rodniki, Guryevsky rayon, Kaliningradskaya oblast', 238312

Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2019 Schneider Y.A., Tsoi V.G., Fomenko M.S., Pavlov A.A., Shilenko P.A.

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