Prevention of epileptogenesis as a future strategy for the treatment of epilepsy

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Epilepsy affects more than 70  million people worldwide. From 30 to 40%  of the patients are resistant to existing medication. This paper describes the current state of the treatment of epilepsy and proposes a  future approach to preventative treatment at earlier stages of epileptogenesis. For preventative treatment biomarkers are needed that predict the development of epilepsy at its earlier stages. Pathological high frequency oscillations are the only acceptable biomarker of epileptogenesis. However, the main limitation of this biomarker is the necessity of implanting of recording electrodes. The search for noninvasive biomarkers of epileptogenesis is one of the hot topics in epilepsy research. There are two potentially interesting directions in this area: search for inflammatory biomarkers in the peripheral blood and analysis of different parameters of imaging methods. In this paper we present approaches for identification of potential epileptogenesis biomarkers by magnetic resonance imaging. Some of magnetic resonance imaging parameters correlate with the existence of pathological high frequency oscillations, may indirectly reflect ongoing inflammation process in the brain and be potential biomarkers of epileptogenesis.

About the authors

A. G. Bragin

David Geffen Medical School at University of California

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1207-8481

Anatol Bragin – PhD, DSci, Department of Neurology.

710 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA, 90095

United States


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