Clinical characteristics and treatment of outpatients with chronic heart failure in the Moscow Region

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Abstract

Aim: To perform clinical characterization of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) in the Moscow Region and to assess if their current treatments meet the current clinical guidelines.

Materials and methods: Based on the information submitted from 11  outpatient clinics in the Moscow Region in December 2019, we analyzed retrospective data on 286  patients with CHF, including their concomitant diseases, types of assessments and their results, as well as current treatments.

Results: The most common concomitant disease was arterial hypertension (95.1%  of the patients). 53.8% of the patients had previous myocardial infarction, 37.8%, diabetes mellitus, and 34.6%, atrial fibrillation. Chronic kidney disease was present in 18.5% of the patients, valvular heart disease in 11.9%, and past stroke in 10.5%. Of non-cardiovascular diseases, the most common were gastrointestinal disorders (25.2%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma (9.8%), and anemia (5.2%). Only 8% of the patients had one concomitant disease, whereas 72%  had 2  to 3  diseases, and 20%  had at least 4  concomitant diseases. Mean number of comorbidities per patient was 2.7. Echocardiography had been performed in 82.9% of the cases. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 51.0±10.11%; in 11.5% of the patients it was≤40%. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated in 58.7%  of the patients. 35.9%  of the patients had a GFR of less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 , in  3.6% it was≤30  mL/min/1.73  m2 . 83.2% of the patients were treated with renin angiotensin aldosterone system blockers (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor antagonists, sacubitril/valsartan), 79.0% with beta-blockers, 53.1% with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. Glycosides had been administered to 6.9% of the patients, and diuretics, to 51.1%. In most cases, the doses administered were below those recommended by the international clinical guidelines.

Conclusion: We have confirmed the need to increase the adherence of doctors to the clinical guidelines on assessment and management of CHF patients.

About the authors

T. K. Chernyavskaya

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (MONIKI)

Author for correspondence.
Email: corona1974@mail.ru

Tat'yana K. Chernyavskaya – MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Deputy Director on Organizational and Methodological Work

61/2 Shchepkina ul., Moscow, 129110, Russian Federation

Russian Federation

M. G. Glezer

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: 287ast@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0995-1924

Maria G. Glezer – MD, PhD, Professor, Chair of Cardiology, Functional and Ultrasonic Diagnostics, Institute of Clinical Medicine named after N.V. Sklifosovskiy

8/2 Trubetskaya ul., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation 

Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2021 Chernyavskaya T.K., Glezer M.G.

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